Web Browsers: Currently only Internet Explorer 8 supports tb-lr (displaying vertically from left to right). Internet Explorer 6 & 7 support displaying vertically, but only tb-rl can be used. None of the other web browsers support displaying vertically.
When you type Manchu words, the font itself will select the right forms for you.
If you what to type a special form, you need to do it manually. For example, stand-alone initial form a, stand-alone medial form e, stand-alone final form be, dotted nan, the word nehv, etc.
There are three FVS keys for Manchu, Sibe and Daur, FVS1, FVS2 and FVS3. You can type Shift-Q, Shift-W and Shift-E.
You also need ZWJ (type = key). Sometimes you need Mongolic hyphen (type - key) and ZWNJ (type + key). See the Help page for details.The following table is for individual letters. You can use it for multiple letters in the same way. Sometimes you need other keys.
How to Romanize the Forms: If x is for any letter: the isolated form is x; the stand-alone initial form is x-; the stand-alone medial form is -x-; the stand-alone final form is -x.
How to Type the Forms: When you type normally, you'll get the isolated forms. You can type the letter first, then type ZWJ to get the stand-alone initial forms. You can type ZWJ first, then type the letter and ZWJ to get the stand-alone medial forms. You can type ZWJ first, then type the letter to get the stand-alone final forms.
Note 1: For the special forms of kv-, -kv-, -hv-, -hv, if you want to type the stand-alone forms, type FVS1 before ZWJ. For example, you need type K - V - FVS1 - ZWJ to get the stand-alone special kv-. We don't need ZWJ in a word. For example, you can type N - E - H - V - FVS1 - J - I to get nehvji.
Note 2: The capital letters in the end of the table stands for the letters for Sibe and Daur.
Note 3: Yellow cells stand for the default forms. Blue forms are not defined in Unicode 5.1 documentations.